Vermont’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation periodically reports on the sources and quantities of the state's greenhouse gas emissions.  In the most recent report, Vermont’s 2016 greenhouse gas emissions totaled 9.76 million metric tons.  This indicates a decrease from 2015's emissions, but is 13% greater than Vermont's 1990 greenhouse gas emissions. Historical reports may be accessed on the Department of Environmental Conservation's Climate Change page.

The Sources of Vermont’s Emissions

The state's greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory tracks annual emissions that occur inside the state from activities such as driving, space heating, farming, industrial processes, and waste management, as well as electricity emissions associated with Vermont’s electricity purchases and consumption.

In 2012, transportation (primarily cars and trucks) accounted for almost 45% of the state's total emissions. Residential and commercial fuel use made up 21% of the total.  

Current Emissions Levels

The annual emissions inventory presents information that the Legislature, state agencies, and Vermonters can use to better understand the emissions and sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs), and evaluate whether Vermont is on track to meet its near- and long-term goals for reducing these emissions).  

The most recent inventory update indicates that the 2012 emissions level of 8.27 million metric tons, or about 9.12 million US tons, Vermont’s annual emissions are slightly above the 1990 baseline level, and well above the 2012 emissions reduction goal.  To reach the future emissions reduction goals set in statute and in the Comprehensive Energy Plan, Vermont will need to develop and implement a plan to quicken the pace of emissions reduction.

Vermont Greenhouse Gas Inventory Reports (2007-present)

Vermont’s first inventory report was prepared in 2007. It included a projection of the state’s greenhouse gas emissions through 2030. Since then, the inventory has been updated with emissions estimates for each subsequent year. All reports are available at the links below: